Welcome!

SDN Journal Authors: Pat Romanski, Yeshim Deniz, Elizabeth White, Liz McMillan, TJ Randall

Related Topics: @DevOpsSummit, Containers Expo Blog, Cloud Security

@DevOpsSummit: Article

Ten Tips for Integrating Security into DevOps | @DevOpsSummit #DevOps #InfoSec

Imagine a world where product owners, Development, QA, IT Operations, and Infosec work together

Ten Tips for Integrating Security into DevOps
By Gene Kim

Imagine a world where product owners, Development, QA, IT Operations, and Infosec work together, not only to help each other, but also to ensure that the overall organization succeeds. By working toward a common goal, they enable the fast flow of planned work into production (e.g., performing tens, hundreds, or even thousands of code deploys per day), while achieving world-class stability, reliability, availability, and security.

In this world, Infosec is always working on ways to reduce friction for the team, creating the work systems that enable developers to be more productive and get better outcomes. By doing this, small teams can fully leverage the collective experience and knowledge of not just Infosec, but also QA and Ops, in their daily work without being dependent on other teams, deploying safely, securely and quickly into production.

This enables organizations to create a safe system of work, where small teams are able to quickly and independently develop, test, and deploy code and value quickly, safely, securely, and reliably to customers. This allows organizations to maximize developer productivity, enable organizational learning, create high employee satisfaction, and win in the marketplace.

Instead of inspecting security into our product at the end of the process, we will create and integrate security controls into the daily work of Development and Operations, so that security is part of everyone's job, every day.

The Need for Force Multiplication
One interpretation of DevOps is that it came from the need to enable developers productivity, because as the number of developers grew, there weren't enough Ops people to handle all the resulting deployment work.

This shortage is even worse in Infosec - James Wickett described vividly why Infosec needs DevOps:

The ratio of engineers in Development, Operations, and Infosec in a typical technology organization is 100:10:1. When Infosec is that outnumbered, without automation and integrating information security into the daily work of Dev and Ops, Infosec can only do compliance checking, which is the opposite of security engineering-and besides, it also makes everyone hate us.

Getting Started

1. Integrate security into development iteration demonstrations.
Here's an easy way to prevent Infosec from being a blocker at the end of the project: invite Infosec into product demonstrations at the end of each development interval. This helps everyone understand team goals as they relate to organizational goals, see their implementations during the build process, and gives them the chance to offer input into what's needed to meet security and compliance objectives while there's still ample time to make corrections.

2. Ensure security work is in our Dev and Ops work tracking systems.
Infosec work should be as visible as all other work in the value stream. We can do this by tracking them in the same work tracking system that Development and Operations use daily so they can be prioritized alongside everything else.

3. Integrate Infosec into blameless post-mortem processes.
Also consider doing a postmortem after every security issue to prevent a repeat of the same problem. In a presentation at the 2012 Austin DevOpsDays, Nick Galbreath, who headed up Information Security at Etsy for many years, describes how they treated security issues, "We put all security issues into JIRA, which all engineers use in their daily work, and they were either ‘P1' or ‘P2,' meaning that they had to be fixed immediately or by the end of the week, even if the issue is only an internally-facing application.

4. Integrate preventive security controls into shared source code repositories and shared services.
Shared source code repositories are a fantastic way to enable anyone to discover and reuse the collective knowledge of the organization, not only for code, but also for toolchains, deployment pipeline, standards-and security. Security information should include any mechanisms or tools for safeguarding applications and environments, such as libraries pre-blessed by security to fulfill their specific objectives. Also, putting security artifacts into the version control system that Dev and Ops use daily keeps security needs on their radar.

5. Integrate security into the deployment pipeline.
To keep Infosec issues top of mind of Dev and Ops, we want to continually give those teams fast feedback about potential risks associated with their code. Integrating security into the pipeline involves automating as many security tests as possible so that they run alongside all other automated tests. Ideally, these tests should be performed on every code commit by Dev or Ops, and even in the earliest stages of a software project.

6. Protect the deployment pipeline from malicious code.
Unfortunately, malicious code can be injected into the infrastructures that support CI/CD. A good place to hide that code is in unit tests because no one looks at them and because they're run every time someone commits code to the repo. We can (and must) protect deployment pipelines through steps such as:

  • Hardening continuous build and integration servers so we can reproduce them in an automated manner
  • Reviewing all changes introduced into version control to prevent continuous integration servers from running uncontrolled code
  • Instrumenting the repository to detect when test code contains suspicious API calls

7. Secure your applications.
Development testing usually focuses on the correctness of functionality. InfoSec, however, often focuses on testing for what can go wrong. Instead of performing these tests manually, aim to generate them as part of automated unit or functional tests so that they can be run continuously in the deployment pipeline. It's also useful to define design patterns to help developers write code to prevent abuse, such as putting in rate limits for services and graying out submit buttons after they've been pressed.

8. Secure the software supply chain.
It's not enough to protect our applications, environment, data and our pipelines - we must also ensure the security of our software supply chain, particularly in light of startling statistics* about just how vulnerable it is. While the use of and reliance on commercial and open source components is convenient, it's also extremely risky. When selecting software, then, it's critical to detect components or libraries that have known vulnerabilities and work with developers to carefully select components with a track record of being fixed quickly.

9. Secure your environments.
We must ensure that all our environments in a hardened, risk-reduced state. This involves generating automated tests to ensure that all appropriate settings have been correctly applied for configuration hardening, database security, key lengths, and so forth. It also involves using tests to scan environments for known vulnerabilities and using a security scanner to map them out

10. Integrate information security into production telemetry.
Internal security controls are often ineffective in quickly detecting breaches because of blind spots in monitoring or because no one is examining the relevant telemetry every day. To adapt, integrate security telemetry into the same tools that Development, QA, and Operations use. This gives everyone in the pipeline visibility into how application and environments are performing in a hostile threat environment where attackers are constantly attempting to exploit vulnerabilities, gain unauthorized access, plant backdoors, and commit fraud (among other insidious things!).

You can read the full details of each of these steps and more in The DevOps Handbook.

*See Sonatype's 2015 "State of the Software Supply Chain" Report and Verizon's 2014 "Data Breach Investigations Report."

(Adapted from portions of The DevOps Handbook)

The post 10 Tips for Integrating Security into DevOps appeared first on XebiaLabs.

Related posts:

DevSecOps: Embracing Automation While Letting Go of Tradition Hidden Software Development Costs That Crush Your Bottom Line DevSecOps: Catching Fire

More Stories By XebiaLabs Blog

XebiaLabs is the technology leader for automation software for DevOps and Continuous Delivery. It focuses on helping companies accelerate the delivery of new software in the most efficient manner. Its products are simple to use, quick to implement, and provide robust enterprise technology.

@CloudExpo Stories
"I will be talking about ChatOps and ChatOps as a way to solve some problems in the DevOps space," explained Himanshu Chhetri, CTO of Addteq, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @DevOpsSummit at 20th Cloud Expo, held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
DevOpsSummit New York 2018, colocated with CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 11-13, 2018, in New York City. Digital Transformation (DX) is a major focus with the introduction of DXWorldEXPO within the program. Successful transformation requires a laser focus on being data-driven and on using all the tools available that enable transformation if they plan to survive over the long term. A total of 88% of Fortune 500 companies from a generation ago are now out of bus...
For organizations that have amassed large sums of software complexity, taking a microservices approach is the first step toward DevOps and continuous improvement / development. Integrating system-level analysis with microservices makes it easier to change and add functionality to applications at any time without the increase of risk. Before you start big transformation projects or a cloud migration, make sure these changes won’t take down your entire organization.
The Jevons Paradox suggests that when technological advances increase efficiency of a resource, it results in an overall increase in consumption. Writing on the increased use of coal as a result of technological improvements, 19th-century economist William Stanley Jevons found that these improvements led to the development of new ways to utilize coal. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Mark Thiele, Chief Strategy Officer for Apcera, compared the Jevons Paradox to modern-day enterprise IT, examin...
Digital transformation has increased the pace of business creating a productivity divide between the technology haves and have nots. Managing financial information on spreadsheets and piecing together insight from numerous disconnected systems is no longer an option. Rapid market changes and aggressive competition are motivating business leaders to reevaluate legacy technology investments in search of modern technologies to achieve greater agility, reduced costs and organizational efficiencies. ...
Amazon started as an online bookseller 20 years ago. Since then, it has evolved into a technology juggernaut that has disrupted multiple markets and industries and touches many aspects of our lives. It is a relentless technology and business model innovator driving disruption throughout numerous ecosystems. Amazon’s AWS revenues alone are approaching $16B a year making it one of the largest IT companies in the world. With dominant offerings in Cloud, IoT, eCommerce, Big Data, AI, Digital Assista...
The taxi industry never saw Uber coming. Startups are a threat to incumbents like never before, and a major enabler for startups is that they are instantly “cloud ready.” If innovation moves at the pace of IT, then your company is in trouble. Why? Because your data center will not keep up with frenetic pace AWS, Microsoft and Google are rolling out new capabilities. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Don Browning, VP of Cloud Architecture at Turner, posited that disruption is inevitable for comp...
Organizations planning enterprise data center consolidation and modernization projects are faced with a challenging, costly reality. Requirements to deploy modern, cloud-native applications simultaneously with traditional client/server applications are almost impossible to achieve with hardware-centric enterprise infrastructure. Compute and network infrastructure are fast moving down a software-defined path, but storage has been a laggard. Until now.
High-velocity engineering teams are applying not only continuous delivery processes, but also lessons in experimentation from established leaders like Amazon, Netflix, and Facebook. These companies have made experimentation a foundation for their release processes, allowing them to try out major feature releases and redesigns within smaller groups before making them broadly available. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Brian Lucas, Senior Staff Engineer at Optimizely, discussed how by using ne...
In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Mike Johnston, an infrastructure engineer at Supergiant.io, discussed how to use Kubernetes to set up a SaaS infrastructure for your business. Mike Johnston is an infrastructure engineer at Supergiant.io with over 12 years of experience designing, deploying, and maintaining server and workstation infrastructure at all scales. He has experience with brick and mortar data centers as well as cloud providers like Digital Ocean, Amazon Web Services, and Rackspace. H...
Without a clear strategy for cost control and an architecture designed with cloud services in mind, costs and operational performance can quickly get out of control. To avoid multiple architectural redesigns requires extensive thought and planning. Boundary (now part of BMC) launched a new public-facing multi-tenant high resolution monitoring service on Amazon AWS two years ago, facing challenges and learning best practices in the early days of the new service.
@DevOpsSummit New York 2018, colocated with CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 11-13, 2018, in New York City. From showcase success stories from early adopters and web-scale businesses, DevOps is expanding to organizations of all sizes, including the world's largest enterprises - and delivering real results.
In his general session at 19th Cloud Expo, Manish Dixit, VP of Product and Engineering at Dice, discussed how Dice leverages data insights and tools to help both tech professionals and recruiters better understand how skills relate to each other and which skills are in high demand using interactive visualizations and salary indicator tools to maximize earning potential. Manish Dixit is VP of Product and Engineering at Dice. As the leader of the Product, Engineering and Data Sciences team at D...
Digital Transformation is much more than a buzzword. The radical shift to digital mechanisms for almost every process is evident across all industries and verticals. This is often especially true in financial services, where the legacy environment is many times unable to keep up with the rapidly shifting demands of the consumer. The constant pressure to provide complete, omnichannel delivery of customer-facing solutions to meet both regulatory and customer demands is putting enormous pressure on...
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that All in Mobile, a mobile app development company from Poland, will exhibit at the 22nd International CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO. All In Mobile is a mobile app development company from Poland. Since 2014, they maintain passion for developing mobile applications for enterprises and startups worldwide.
Both SaaS vendors and SaaS buyers are going “all-in” to hyperscale IaaS platforms such as AWS, which is disrupting the SaaS value proposition. Why should the enterprise SaaS consumer pay for the SaaS service if their data is resident in adjacent AWS S3 buckets? If both SaaS sellers and buyers are using the same cloud tools, automation and pay-per-transaction model offered by IaaS platforms, then why not host the “shrink-wrapped” software in the customers’ cloud? Further, serverless computing, cl...
With 10 simultaneous tracks, keynotes, general sessions and targeted breakout classes, @CloudEXPO and DXWorldEXPO are two of the most important technology events of the year. Since its launch over eight years ago, @CloudEXPO and DXWorldEXPO have presented a rock star faculty as well as showcased hundreds of sponsors and exhibitors!
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that the upcoming DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO New York event will feature 10 companies from Poland to participate at the "Poland Digital Transformation Pavilion" on November 12-13, 2018.
22nd International Cloud Expo, taking place June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and co-located with the 1st DXWorld Expo will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud ...
@DevOpsSummit at Cloud Expo, taking place November 12-13 in New York City, NY, is co-located with 22nd international CloudEXPO | first international DXWorldEXPO and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world.
"DivvyCloud as a company set out to help customers automate solutions to the most common cloud problems," noted Jeremy Snyder, VP of Business Development at DivvyCloud, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 20th Cloud Expo, held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.