SDN Journal Authors: Pat Romanski, Elizabeth White, Yeshim Deniz, Destiny Bertucci, Liz McMillan

Related Topics: Mobile IoT, Java IoT, Linux Containers, Containers Expo Blog, Agile Computing, SDN Journal

Mobile IoT: Article

5G Networks: The 20/20 View on 2020

Tomorrow isn’t the time to start building for tomorrow. Future viability depends on building a solid infrastructure today

This article is an excerpt from James Carlini's upcoming book, Location Location Connectivity:

5G Networks are being discussed and better defined by key industry manufacturers and network carriers so they can be deployed in the 2020 time period.  They will represent a giant leap in capacity, baseline speeds and overall capabilities.  They have to.  Consumers are turning to Smartphones and tablets as the new ubiquitous edge technology for all their applications.

Many people have gotten a good taste of smartphones and all the applications they can utilize with them.  Now, the growing demand is there and both the framework of networks as well as their capabilities must be upgraded dramatically to keep up with user demand and exponentially growing traffic.

When approaching a new dynamic area in infrastructure, real estate, or technology, a whole new framework for analysis may be necessary.  Too many people try to fit something new into a traditional framework or traditional analysis model which does not fit as a metric.

Looking into what is needed for a solid platform for global commerce, the main issues are to offer the best and the fastest capabilities.  Speed is always a factor in any transportation medium, including communications. Anyone, or any corporate or political sales pitch, who tells you otherwise is trying to protect obsolete infrastructure and/or poor competitive strategies.

There needs to be a good education of all interested parties instead of having some people hypothesize concepts that will never be prevalent or even applicable. Remember, the network infrastructure is part of the Platform for Commerce. The Platform for Commerce's five millennia focus has been on increasing trade routes and commerce.

Any network being planned today for tomorrow should be conceptualized like this. (See Chart 1)

Chart 1: Design Criteria for Network Speeds




Common End-User/ Subscriber

1 Gbps (One Gigabit per second)

This includes wireless due to what Smartphones are demanding in bandwidth

Industrial Park, Business Campus

Commercial Space


This would include next-generation Intelligent Business Campuses. (Some parks already have multiple carriers providing 40Gbps today.

Downtown/ Commercial Space


For downtown urban areas.

Backbone/ Carrier Backhaul


1 Tbps (One Terabit per second)

This sounds high, but the way demand is growing, this should be the goal.

Let's examine this table and clarify the numbers.

  1. These suggested speeds are for networks that have yet to be installed.  If you are going to build something, at least build something that should last for awhile.
  2. For next-generation Intelligent Business Campuses/ Intelligent Industrial Parks what you offer at any one location is going to dictate what gets puts in (i.e.  if you don't offer high enough access speeds, certain  corporate site selection committees will pass you by depending on what they are looking for)  So if you do set your sights low when it comes to speed, you won't be able to land that corporate facility that you think will move into the business park.
  3. As smartphones and tablets become more ubiquitous, demand for speed (for new apps) will increase and not go down.  Some new installation endeavors (like stadiums and ball parks) have already shown they have been under-engineered, so engineering "rules-of-thumb" haven't caught up with actual demand.  They have fallen behind.

If anything, they (those in long-term network engineering - including those at the carriers) have to leapfrog what is already a current market condition.

We need to focus on getting back in front of the pack when it comes to network infrastructure and moving to Terabit speeds can only open up a whole new class of applications which can only be feasible when networks run at terabit speeds. For the future, we need to strengthen the resiliency of networks as well as increasing their speeds.

5G Networks will be providing some very high speeds to the average user. This means building out the network to specifications which have to include terabit backbones.

Having more bandwidth available will accelerate the amount of applications that are feasible for customer service, video, high-definition video, social networking, and so many other applications.

Data Rate for 5G Networks



100Gbps +

Specialized enterprise users (stationary)


Low-mobility users


High-mobility users


Anywhere (baseline speed)

This gives you a clearer picture as to where network infrastructure is evolving (see Chart 2).

Chart 2: 5G Network Elements


This was an initial concern of network designers for 3G and 4G.


This became a bigger concern as 4G networks got tested by users' applications and increased traffic.


How long will services last before being replaced or discarded?


This is constantly evolving and will impact the above elements.  Influencers in this level include manufacturers, software/ app designers, and customer demands.



Think of this as the political, regulatory, and regional economic development link for the network.  User demand will shape the network, but so will strong regulatory guidelines that could hamper or promote network resiliency and capabilities.  Smart communities will realize that having a solid network infrastructure will directly translate into having a solid economic base.



This is the carrier's focus as to what it wants to provide to the region:  The most advanced, the status quo, or trailing-edge capabilities because they don't see a market or a big return on their investment.


This is the foundation that must be strong and resilient enough to handle everything put on top of it.

Source: James Carlini, All Rights Reserved

In addition to being aware about the growing demand for speed, become more aware of new building blocks for technology as well as the infrastructure and real estate. The faster we can apply cutting-edge solutions to problems, the more competitive we become in the global markets.

More Stories By James Carlini

James Carlini, MBA, a certified Infrastructure Consultant, keynote speaker and former award-winning Adjunct Professor at Northwestern University, has advised on mission-critical networks. Clients include the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, GLOBEX, and City of Chicago’s 911 Center. An expert witness in civil and federal courts on network infrastructure, he has worked with AT&T, Sprint and others.

Follow daily Carlini-isms at www.twitter.com/JAMESCARLINI

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.

@CloudExpo Stories
The best way to leverage your Cloud Expo presence as a sponsor and exhibitor is to plan your news announcements around our events. The press covering Cloud Expo and @ThingsExpo will have access to these releases and will amplify your news announcements. More than two dozen Cloud companies either set deals at our shows or have announced their mergers and acquisitions at Cloud Expo. Product announcements during our show provide your company with the most reach through our targeted audiences.
DevOpsSummit New York 2018, colocated with CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 11-13, 2018, in New York City. Digital Transformation (DX) is a major focus with the introduction of DXWorldEXPO within the program. Successful transformation requires a laser focus on being data-driven and on using all the tools available that enable transformation if they plan to survive over the long term. A total of 88% of Fortune 500 companies from a generation ago are now out of bus...
With 10 simultaneous tracks, keynotes, general sessions and targeted breakout classes, @CloudEXPO and DXWorldEXPO are two of the most important technology events of the year. Since its launch over eight years ago, @CloudEXPO and DXWorldEXPO have presented a rock star faculty as well as showcased hundreds of sponsors and exhibitors! In this blog post, we provide 7 tips on how, as part of our world-class faculty, you can deliver one of the most popular sessions at our events. But before reading...
As you move to the cloud, your network should be efficient, secure, and easy to manage. An enterprise adopting a hybrid or public cloud needs systems and tools that provide: Agility: ability to deliver applications and services faster, even in complex hybrid environments Easier manageability: enable reliable connectivity with complete oversight as the data center network evolves Greater efficiency: eliminate wasted effort while reducing errors and optimize asset utilization Security: implemen...
DXWordEXPO New York 2018, colocated with CloudEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 11-13, 2018, in New York City and will bring together Cloud Computing, FinTech and Blockchain, Digital Transformation, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, AI, Machine Learning and WebRTC to one location.
DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO are the world's most influential, independent events where Cloud Computing was coined and where technology buyers and vendors meet to experience and discuss the big picture of Digital Transformation and all of the strategies, tactics, and tools they need to realize their goals. Sponsors of DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO benefit from unmatched branding, profile building and lead generation opportunities.
@DevOpsSummit New York 2018, colocated with CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 11-13, 2018, in New York City. From showcase success stories from early adopters and web-scale businesses, DevOps is expanding to organizations of all sizes, including the world's largest enterprises - and delivering real results.
Dion Hinchcliffe is an internationally recognized digital expert, bestselling book author, frequent keynote speaker, analyst, futurist, and transformation expert based in Washington, DC. He is currently Chief Strategy Officer at the industry-leading digital strategy and online community solutions firm, 7Summits.
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that Dez Blanchfield joined the faculty of CloudEXPO's "10-Year Anniversary Event" which will take place on November 11-13, 2018 in New York City. Dez is a strategic leader in business and digital transformation with 25 years of experience in the IT and telecommunications industries developing strategies and implementing business initiatives. He has a breadth of expertise spanning technologies such as cloud computing, big data and analytics, cognitive computing, m...
Digital Transformation and Disruption, Amazon Style - What You Can Learn. Chris Kocher is a co-founder of Grey Heron, a management and strategic marketing consulting firm. He has 25+ years in both strategic and hands-on operating experience helping executives and investors build revenues and shareholder value. He has consulted with over 130 companies on innovating with new business models, product strategies and monetization. Chris has held management positions at HP and Symantec in addition to ...
Cloud-enabled transformation has evolved from cost saving measure to business innovation strategy -- one that combines the cloud with cognitive capabilities to drive market disruption. Learn how you can achieve the insight and agility you need to gain a competitive advantage. Industry-acclaimed CTO and cloud expert, Shankar Kalyana presents. Only the most exceptional IBMers are appointed with the rare distinction of IBM Fellow, the highest technical honor in the company. Shankar has also receive...
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that Kevin Jackson joined the faculty of CloudEXPO's "10-Year Anniversary Event" which will take place on November 11-13, 2018 in New York City. Kevin L. Jackson is a globally recognized cloud computing expert and Founder/Author of the award winning "Cloud Musings" blog. Mr. Jackson has also been recognized as a "Top 100 Cybersecurity Influencer and Brand" by Onalytica (2015), a Huffington Post "Top 100 Cloud Computing Experts on Twitter" (2013) and a "Top 50 C...
There is a huge demand for responsive, real-time mobile and web experiences, but current architectural patterns do not easily accommodate applications that respond to events in real time. Common solutions using message queues or HTTP long-polling quickly lead to resiliency, scalability and development velocity challenges. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Ryland Degnan, a Senior Software Engineer on the Netflix Edge Platform team, will discuss how by leveraging a reactive stream-based protocol,...
Enterprises have taken advantage of IoT to achieve important revenue and cost advantages. What is less apparent is how incumbent enterprises operating at scale have, following success with IoT, built analytic, operations management and software development capabilities - ranging from autonomous vehicles to manageable robotics installations. They have embraced these capabilities as if they were Silicon Valley startups.
Daniel Jones is CTO of EngineerBetter, helping enterprises deliver value faster. Previously he was an IT consultant, indie video games developer, head of web development in the finance sector, and an award-winning martial artist. Continuous Delivery makes it possible to exploit findings of cognitive psychology and neuroscience to increase the productivity and happiness of our teams.
Poor data quality and analytics drive down business value. In fact, Gartner estimated that the average financial impact of poor data quality on organizations is $9.7 million per year. But bad data is much more than a cost center. By eroding trust in information, analytics and the business decisions based on these, it is a serious impediment to digital transformation.
The standardization of container runtimes and images has sparked the creation of an almost overwhelming number of new open source projects that build on and otherwise work with these specifications. Of course, there's Kubernetes, which orchestrates and manages collections of containers. It was one of the first and best-known examples of projects that make containers truly useful for production use. However, more recently, the container ecosystem has truly exploded. A service mesh like Istio addr...
Predicting the future has never been more challenging - not because of the lack of data but because of the flood of ungoverned and risk laden information. Microsoft states that 2.5 exabytes of data are created every day. Expectations and reliance on data are being pushed to the limits, as demands around hybrid options continue to grow.
Business professionals no longer wonder if they'll migrate to the cloud; it's now a matter of when. The cloud environment has proved to be a major force in transitioning to an agile business model that enables quick decisions and fast implementation that solidify customer relationships. And when the cloud is combined with the power of cognitive computing, it drives innovation and transformation that achieves astounding competitive advantage.
Digital Transformation: Preparing Cloud & IoT Security for the Age of Artificial Intelligence. As automation and artificial intelligence (AI) power solution development and delivery, many businesses need to build backend cloud capabilities. Well-poised organizations, marketing smart devices with AI and BlockChain capabilities prepare to refine compliance and regulatory capabilities in 2018. Volumes of health, financial, technical and privacy data, along with tightening compliance requirements by...