Welcome!

SDN Journal Authors: Pat Romanski, Destiny Bertucci, Liz McMillan, Elizabeth White, Amitabh Sinha

Related Topics: @DXWorldExpo, Java IoT, Microservices Expo, Agile Computing, @CloudExpo, SDN Journal

@DXWorldExpo: Article

Plumbing the Depths of an Ocean of Data

Learn how Visible Measures tracks an expanding universe of video and viewer use Big Data

The next edition of the HP Discover Performance Podcast Series examines how video advertising solutions provider Visible Measures delivers impactful metrics on video use and patterns.

Visible Measures measures via a massive analytics capability an ocean of video at some of the highest scales I've ever heard of. By creating very deep census data of everything that's happened in the video space, Visible Measures uses unique statistical processes to figure out exactly what patterns emerge within video usage at high speed and massive scale and granularity.

To learn more about how Visible Measures measures, please welcome Chris Meisl, Chief Technology Officer at Visible Measures Corp., based in Boston.

The discussion, which took place at the recent HP Vertica Big Data Conference in Boston, is moderated by me, Dana Gardner, Principal Analyst at Interarbor Solutions. [Disclosure: HP is a sponsor of BriefingsDirect podcasts.]

Here are some excerpts:

Gardner: Tell us a little bit about video metrics. It seems that this is pretty straightforward, isn't it? You just measure the number of downloads and you know how many people are watching a video -- or is there more to it?

Meisl: You'd think it would be that straight-forward. Video is probably the fastest growing component of the Internet right now. Video consumption is accelerating unbelievably. When you measure a video, not only you are looking at did someone view the video but how far they are into the video. Did they rewind it, stop it, or replay certain parts? What happened at the end? Did they share it?

Meisl

There are all kinds of events that can happen around a video. It's not like in the display advertising business, where you have an impression and you have a click. With video, you have all kinds of interactions that happen.

You can really measure engagement in terms of how much people have actually watched the video, and how they've interacted with a video while it's playing.

Gardner: This is an additional level of insight beyond what happened traditionally with television, where you need a Nielsen box or some other crude, if I could use that term, way of measuring. This is much more granular and precise.

Census based

Meisl: Exactly. The cable industry tried to do this on various occasions with various set-up boxes that would "phone home" with various information. But for the most part, like Nielsen, it's panel-based. On the Internet, you can be more census-based. You can measure every single video, which we do. So we now know about over half a billion videos and we've measured over three trillion video events.

Because you have this very deep census data of everything that's happened, you can use standard and interesting statistical processes to figure out exactly what's happening in that space, without having to extend a relatively small panel. You know what everyone is doing.

Gardner: And of course, this extends not only to programming or entertainment level of video, but also to the advertising videos that would be embedded or precede or follow from those. Right?

Meisl: Exactly. Advertising and video are interesting, because it's not just standard television-style advertising. In standard television advertising, there are 30-second spots that are translated into the Internet space as pre-roll, post-roll, mid-roll, or what have you. You're watching the content that you really want to watch, and then you get interrupted by these ads. This is something that we at Visible Measures didn't like very much.

We're promoting this idea of content marketing through video, and content marketing is a very well-established area. We're trying to encourage brands to use those kinds of techniques using the video medium.

The first part that you have to do is have a really comprehensive understanding of what's going on in the video space.

That means that brands will tell more extensive stories in maybe three- to five-minute video segments -- that might be episodic -- and we then deliver that across thousands of publishers, measure the engagement, measure the brand-lift, and measure how well those kinds of video-storytelling features really help the brand to build up the trust that they want with their customers in order to get the premium pricing that that brand has over something much more generic.

Gardner: Of course, the key word there was "measures." In order to measure, you have to capture, store, and analyze. Tell us a little bit about the challenges that you faced in doing that at this scale with this level of requirements. It sounds as if even the real-time elements of being able to feed back that information to the ad servers is important, too.

Meisl: Right. The first part that you have to do is have a really comprehensive understanding of what's going on in the video space.

Visible Measure started with measuring all video that’s out there. Everywhere we can, we work with publishers to instrument their video players so that we get signals while people are watching videos on their site.

For the publishers that don't want to allow us to instrument their players, then we can use more traditional Google spidering techniques to capture information on the view count, comment count, and things like that. We do that on a regular basis, a few times a day or at least once a day, and then we can build up metrics on how the video is growing on those sites.

Massive database

So we ended up building this massive database of video -- and we would provide information, or rather insight, based on that data, to advertisers on how well their campaigns were performing.

Eventually, advertisers started to ask us to just deliver the campaign itself, instead of giving just the insight that they would then have to try to convince various other ad platforms to use in order to get a more effective campaign. So we started to shift a couple of years ago into actual campaign delivery.

Now, we have to do more of a real-time analysis, because as you mentioned, you want to, in real time, figure out the best ways to target the best sites to send that video to, and the best way to tune that campaign in order to get the best performance for the brand.

Gardner: And so faced with these requirements, I assume you did some proofs of concept (POCs). You looked around the marketplace for what’s available and you’ve come up with some infrastructure that is so far meeting your needs.

Meisl: Yes. We started with Hadoop, because we had to build this massive database of video, and we would then aggregate the information in Hadoop and pour that into MySQL.

There are all kinds of possibilities that you can only do if you have access to the data as soon as it was generated.

We quickly got to the point where it would take us so long to load all that information into MySQL that we were just running out of hours in the day. It took us 11 hours to load MySQL. We couldn’t actually use the MySQL. It was a sharded MySQL cluster. We couldn’t actually use it while it was being loaded. So you’d have to have two banks of it.

You only have a 12-hour window. Otherwise, you’ve blown your day. That's when we started looking around for alternate solutions for storing this information and making it available to our customers. We elected to use HP Vertica -- this was about four years ago -- because that same 11-hour load took two hours in Vertica. And we're not going to run out of money buying hard drives, because they compress it. They have impressive compression.

Now, as we move more into the campaign delivery for the brands that we represent, we have to do our measurement in real-time. We use Storm, which is a real-time stream processing platform and that writes to Vertica as the events happen.

So we can ask questions of Vertica as they happen. That allows our ad service, for example, to have much more intelligence about what's going on with campaigns that are in-flight. It allows us to do much more sophisticated fraud detection. There are all kinds of possibilities that you can only do if you have access to the data as soon as it was generated.

Gardner: Clearly if a load takes 11 hours, you're well into the definition of big data. But I'm curious, for you, what constitutes big data? Where does big data begin from medium or non-big data?

Several dimensions

Meisl: There are several dimensions to big data. Obviously, there's the size of it. We process what we receive, maybe half a billion events per day, and we might peak at near a million events a minute. There is quite a bit of lunchtime video viewing in America, but typically in the evening, there is a lot more.

The other aspect of big data is the nature of what's in that data, the unstructured nature, the complexity of it, the unexpectedness of the data. You don't know exactly what you're going to get ahead of time.

For information that’s coming from our instrumented players, we know what that’s going to be, because we wrote the code to make that. But we receive feeds from all kinds of social networks. We know about every video that's ever mentioned on Twitter, videos that are mentioned on Facebook, and other social arenas.

All of that's coming in via all kinds of different formats. It would be very expensive for us to have to fully understand those formats, build schemas for them, and structure it just right.

So we have an open-ended system that goes into Hadoop and can process that in an open-ended way. So to me, big data is really its volume plus the very open-ended, unknown payloads in that data.

We're continuously looking at how well we optimize delivery of campaigns and we're continuously improving that.

Gardner: How do you know you're succeeding here? Clearly, going from 11 hours to two hours is one metric. Are there other metrics of success that you look to -- they could be economic, performance, or concurrent query volumes?

Tell me what you define as a successful analytics platform.

Meisl: At the highest level, it's going to be about revenue and margin. But in order to achieve the revenue and margin goals that we have, obviously we need to have very efficient processes for doing the campaign delivery and the measurement that we do.

As a measurement company, we measure ourselves and watch how long it takes to generate the reports that we need, or for how responsive we are to our customers for any kind of ad-hoc queries that they want or special custom reports that they want.

We're continuously looking at how well we optimize delivery of campaigns and we're continuously improving that. We have corporate goals to improve our optimization quarter-over-quarter.

In order to do that, you have to keep coming up with new things to measure and new ways to interpret the data, so you can figure out exactly which video you want to deliver to the right person, at the right time, in the right context.

Looking down the road

Gardner: Chris, we're here at the Big Data Conference for HP Vertica and its community. Looking down the road a bit, what sort of requirements do you think you are going to need later? Are there milestones or is there a road map that you would like to see Vertica and HP follow in order to make sure that you don't run out of runaway again sometime?

Meisl: Obviously, we want HP and Vertica to continue to scale up, so that it is still a cost-effective solution as the volume of data will inexorably rise. It's just going to get bigger and bigger and bigger. There's no going back there.

In order to be able to do the kind of processing that we need to do without having to spend a fortune on server farms, we want Vertica, in particular, to be very efficient at the kinds of queries that it needs to do and proficient at loading the data and of accommodating asking questions of it.

In order to be able to do the kind of processing that we need to do without having to spend a fortune on server farms, we would want Vertica.

In addition to that, what's particularly interesting about Vertica is its analytic functions. It has a very interesting suite of analytic functions that extends beyond the normal standard SQL analytic functions based on time series and pattern matching. This is very important to us, because we do fraud detection, for example. So you want to do pattern matching on that. We do pacing for campaigns, so you want to do time series analysis for that.

We look forward to HP and Vertica really pushing forward on new analytic capabilities that can be applied to real-time data as it flows into the Vertica platform.

You may also be interested in:

More Stories By Dana Gardner

At Interarbor Solutions, we create the analysis and in-depth podcasts on enterprise software and cloud trends that help fuel the social media revolution. As a veteran IT analyst, Dana Gardner moderates discussions and interviews get to the meat of the hottest technology topics. We define and forecast the business productivity effects of enterprise infrastructure, SOA and cloud advances. Our social media vehicles become conversational platforms, powerfully distributed via the BriefingsDirect Network of online media partners like ZDNet and IT-Director.com. As founder and principal analyst at Interarbor Solutions, Dana Gardner created BriefingsDirect to give online readers and listeners in-depth and direct access to the brightest thought leaders on IT. Our twice-monthly BriefingsDirect Analyst Insights Edition podcasts examine the latest IT news with a panel of analysts and guests. Our sponsored discussions provide a unique, deep-dive focus on specific industry problems and the latest solutions. This podcast equivalent of an analyst briefing session -- made available as a podcast/transcript/blog to any interested viewer and search engine seeker -- breaks the mold on closed knowledge. These informational podcasts jump-start conversational evangelism, drive traffic to lead generation campaigns, and produce strong SEO returns. Interarbor Solutions provides fresh and creative thinking on IT, SOA, cloud and social media strategies based on the power of thoughtful content, made freely and easily available to proactive seekers of insights and information. As a result, marketers and branding professionals can communicate inexpensively with self-qualifiying readers/listeners in discreet market segments. BriefingsDirect podcasts hosted by Dana Gardner: Full turnkey planning, moderatiing, producing, hosting, and distribution via blogs and IT media partners of essential IT knowledge and understanding.

@CloudExpo Stories
You know you need the cloud, but you’re hesitant to simply dump everything at Amazon since you know that not all workloads are suitable for cloud. You know that you want the kind of ease of use and scalability that you get with public cloud, but your applications are architected in a way that makes the public cloud a non-starter. You’re looking at private cloud solutions based on hyperconverged infrastructure, but you’re concerned with the limits inherent in those technologies.
Nordstrom is transforming the way that they do business and the cloud is the key to enabling speed and hyper personalized customer experiences. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Ken Schow, VP of Engineering at Nordstrom, discussed some of the key learnings and common pitfalls of large enterprises moving to the cloud. This includes strategies around choosing a cloud provider(s), architecture, and lessons learned. In addition, he covered some of the best practices for structured team migration an...
With tough new regulations coming to Europe on data privacy in May 2018, Calligo will explain why in reality the effect is global and transforms how you consider critical data. EU GDPR fundamentally rewrites the rules for cloud, Big Data and IoT. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Adam Ryan, Vice President and General Manager EMEA at Calligo, examined the regulations and provided insight on how it affects technology, challenges the established rules and will usher in new levels of diligence arou...
Most technology leaders, contemporary and from the hardware era, are reshaping their businesses to do software. They hope to capture value from emerging technologies such as IoT, SDN, and AI. Ultimately, irrespective of the vertical, it is about deriving value from independent software applications participating in an ecosystem as one comprehensive solution. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Kausik Sridhar, founder and CTO of Pulzze Systems, discussed how given the magnitude of today's application ...
The “Digital Era” is forcing us to engage with new methods to build, operate and maintain applications. This transformation also implies an evolution to more and more intelligent applications to better engage with the customers, while creating significant market differentiators. In both cases, the cloud has become a key enabler to embrace this digital revolution. So, moving to the cloud is no longer the question; the new questions are HOW and WHEN. To make this equation even more complex, most ...
As you move to the cloud, your network should be efficient, secure, and easy to manage. An enterprise adopting a hybrid or public cloud needs systems and tools that provide: Agility: ability to deliver applications and services faster, even in complex hybrid environments Easier manageability: enable reliable connectivity with complete oversight as the data center network evolves Greater efficiency: eliminate wasted effort while reducing errors and optimize asset utilization Security: imple...
Mobile device usage has increased exponentially during the past several years, as consumers rely on handhelds for everything from news and weather to banking and purchases. What can we expect in the next few years? The way in which we interact with our devices will fundamentally change, as businesses leverage Artificial Intelligence. We already see this taking shape as businesses leverage AI for cost savings and customer responsiveness. This trend will continue, as AI is used for more sophistica...
In his Opening Keynote at 21st Cloud Expo, John Considine, General Manager of IBM Cloud Infrastructure, led attendees through the exciting evolution of the cloud. He looked at this major disruption from the perspective of technology, business models, and what this means for enterprises of all sizes. John Considine is General Manager of Cloud Infrastructure Services at IBM. In that role he is responsible for leading IBM’s public cloud infrastructure including strategy, development, and offering m...
Digital transformation is about embracing digital technologies into a company's culture to better connect with its customers, automate processes, create better tools, enter new markets, etc. Such a transformation requires continuous orchestration across teams and an environment based on open collaboration and daily experiments. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Alex Casalboni, Technical (Cloud) Evangelist at Cloud Academy, explored and discussed the most urgent unsolved challenges to achieve f...
In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Raju Shreewastava, founder of Big Data Trunk, provided a fun and simple way to introduce Machine Leaning to anyone and everyone. He solved a machine learning problem and demonstrated an easy way to be able to do machine learning without even coding. Raju Shreewastava is the founder of Big Data Trunk (www.BigDataTrunk.com), a Big Data Training and consulting firm with offices in the United States. He previously led the data warehouse/business intelligence and B...
The past few years have brought a sea change in the way applications are architected, developed, and consumed—increasing both the complexity of testing and the business impact of software failures. How can software testing professionals keep pace with modern application delivery, given the trends that impact both architectures (cloud, microservices, and APIs) and processes (DevOps, agile, and continuous delivery)? This is where continuous testing comes in. D
Blockchain is a shared, secure record of exchange that establishes trust, accountability and transparency across business networks. Supported by the Linux Foundation's open source, open-standards based Hyperledger Project, Blockchain has the potential to improve regulatory compliance, reduce cost as well as advance trade. Are you curious about how Blockchain is built for business? In her session at 21st Cloud Expo, René Bostic, Technical VP of the IBM Cloud Unit in North America, discussed the b...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Synametrics Technologies will exhibit at SYS-CON's 22nd International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York, NY. Synametrics Technologies is a privately held company based in Plainsboro, New Jersey that has been providing solutions for the developer community since 1997. Based on the success of its initial product offerings such as WinSQL, Xeams, SynaMan and Syncrify, Synametrics continues to create and hone in...
The 22nd International Cloud Expo | 1st DXWorld Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. Cloud Expo | DXWorld Expo, to be held June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York, NY, brings together Cloud Computing, Digital Transformation, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, Machine Learning and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding busin...
Companies are harnessing data in ways we once associated with science fiction. Analysts have access to a plethora of visualization and reporting tools, but considering the vast amount of data businesses collect and limitations of CPUs, end users are forced to design their structures and systems with limitations. Until now. As the cloud toolkit to analyze data has evolved, GPUs have stepped in to massively parallel SQL, visualization and machine learning.
Modern software design has fundamentally changed how we manage applications, causing many to turn to containers as the new virtual machine for resource management. As container adoption grows beyond stateless applications to stateful workloads, the need for persistent storage is foundational - something customers routinely cite as a top pain point. In his session at @DevOpsSummit at 21st Cloud Expo, Bill Borsari, Head of Systems Engineering at Datera, explored how organizations can reap the bene...
Kubernetes is an open source system for automating deployment, scaling, and management of containerized applications. Kubernetes was originally built by Google, leveraging years of experience with managing container workloads, and is now a Cloud Native Compute Foundation (CNCF) project. Kubernetes has been widely adopted by the community, supported on all major public and private cloud providers, and is gaining rapid adoption in enterprises. However, Kubernetes may seem intimidating and complex ...
In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Michael Burley, a Senior Business Development Executive in IT Services at NetApp, described how NetApp designed a three-year program of work to migrate 25PB of a major telco's enterprise data to a new STaaS platform, and then secured a long-term contract to manage and operate the platform. This significant program blended the best of NetApp’s solutions and services capabilities to enable this telco’s successful adoption of private cloud storage and launching ...
In a recent survey, Sumo Logic surveyed 1,500 customers who employ cloud services such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP). According to the survey, a quarter of the respondents have already deployed Docker containers and nearly as many (23 percent) are employing the AWS Lambda serverless computing framework. It’s clear: serverless is here to stay. The adoption does come with some needed changes, within both application development and operations. Tha...
In his general session at 21st Cloud Expo, Greg Dumas, Calligo’s Vice President and G.M. of US operations, discussed the new Global Data Protection Regulation and how Calligo can help business stay compliant in digitally globalized world. Greg Dumas is Calligo's Vice President and G.M. of US operations. Calligo is an established service provider that provides an innovative platform for trusted cloud solutions. Calligo’s customers are typically most concerned about GDPR compliance, application p...